Medical Device Patents
One of the most game-changing patents ever awarded in the field of medical devices, was for the revolutionary cardiac pacemaker (US Pat No. 3,057,356). This patent was issued in October 1962 to Wilson Greatbatch. Medical devices are defined as any instrument or material that is intended for use in the diagnosis, prevention, monitoring, treatment, and alleviation of disease or injury in humans, or in investigating, replacing and modifying the human body or a certain bodily process.
According to a report released in 2017, Australia’s medical patent landscape has been dominated by diagnostic instruments, and comprised approximately 22% of Australian PCT applications in the medical devices field, followed by syringes, catheters and other probes (13%), prostheses (12%) and respiratory care (12%). Other hotspot areas for medical device patents included: diagnostic imaging and therapy; surgical instruments, biocompatible materials and sterilisation; patient transport and care apparatus; physical therapy apparatus; eye and ear care; dental apparatus; dressings and first aid; life-saving equipment; laboratory equipment; veterinary procedures and apparatus and anaesthetics.
The top filers, ResMed and Cochlear, own about 20% of the total filed inventions in the medical devices field. Most applications have been filed by single parties; among collaborators, the most prolific filers in the field are CSIRO and universities such as University of Technology, Sydney, University of Sydney, University of Queensland, Monash University and University of Melbourne.
Medical devices, methods of medical treatment and software are all patentable in Australia.
Examples of granted medical device patent applications
Merck Patent GmBH
Omega Ophthalmics LLC
InteRNA Technologies BV; Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen
Horizon Therapeutics LLC
Getinge Sterilization AB
Kleiner, Daniel Eduard
|General healthcare systems||
Baxter Healthcare SA; Baxter International Inc