Chemical, Biotech and Pharmaceutical Patents

What constitutes a chemical patent? Claims in chemical patents may cover the composition of matter (how a substance is used), a product yielded by a process, a particular process, or a novel compound. One of the earliest patented chemical processes and is in fact the first US patent was awarded to Samuel Hopkins in 1790 for his process to produce potash.

Biotechnology involves harnessing biological systems, substances and processes to improve daily life. Some of these systems have been utilised for centuries before the modern patent, such as the use of yeast in brewing alcohol; biotech patents are usually awarded to the novel use of these existing, known systems to yield a new outcome. One of the earliest and most notable patents awarded in the biotech field was given to Louis Pasteur, who developed a way to heat-treat milk and several fruit juices to eliminate pathogens and extend their shelf life.

Pharmaceuticals present features of both chemical and biotechnology innovations, as drugs can originate from new approaches to extract naturally-occurring substances or be a totally novel molecule synthesised in one’s laboratory. For example, multiple anti-cancer drugs have been synthesised based on the human genetic sequence.

Examples of Granted Chemical, Biotech and Pharmaceutical Patent applications

Chemical patent applications

AU Patent # 2018203740
Chemical inhibition of pitting corrosion in methanolic solutions containing an organic halide.
Baker Hughes, a GE company, LLC

Materials patent applications

AU Patent # 2019100244
Textile and garment comprising a dual-weave of composite materials.
Saint IP Pty Ltd

Medical materials patent applications

AU Patent # 2014292503
Biomimetic collagen-hydroxyapatite composite material.
Geistlich Pharma AG

Nano-materials patent applications

AU Patent # 2006225095
Rare earth nanorods
Antaria Ltd.

Polymers patent applications

AU Patent # 2018100854
An additive for polymer and preparation method thereof.
Gunangzhou Bobei Info-Tech Ltd

Chemical and industrial processes patent applications

AU Patent # 2015299202
Energy-efficient and environmentally friendly process for the production of target chemical compounds from cellulosic material.
Clariant International Ltd.

Hydrocarbon extraction and refining patent applications

AU Patent # 2014265950
Methods for separating hydrocarbon gases.
Linde Engineering North America Inc.

Mining processes and mineral extraction patent applications

AU Patent # 2017203383
Beneficiation process for enhancing uranium mineral processing.
Uranium Beneficiation Pty Ltd

Organic chemistry patent applications 
Pharmaceutical formulation patent applications

AU Patent # 2018101116
Vitamin drug intermediates diketone guluronic acid synthesis method.
Chengdu Ka Di Fu Technology Co. Ltd.

Molecular biology patent applications

AU Patent # 2013269536
High-capacity storage of digital information in DNA.
European Molecular Biology Laboratory

Genetics patent applications

AU Patent # 2017201900
Association of rare recurrent genetic variations to attention-deficit, hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and methods of use thereof for the diagnosis of the same.
The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

Antibody technology and characterisation patent applications

AU Patent # 2017203225
A monoclonal antibody inhibiting immunosuppressive functions of pathogens, antigen-binding fragment thereof, and hybridomas producing such antibody.
Sagabio Co., Ltd.

Gene silencing and RNA interference patent applications

AU Patent # 2013257445
Conserved HBV and HCV sequences useful for gene silencing.
Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Infectious diseases, particularly viral infectious diseases such as HIV and hepatitis patent applications

AU Patent # 2015371255
Fused pyrimidine compounds for the treatment of HIV.
Gilead Sciences, Inc.; Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the AS CR, v.v.i.

Stem cell isolation and culture patent applications

AU Patent # 2017239554
Stem cell factor inhibitor.
The Regents of the University of Michigan

Protein structure and function patent applications

AU Patent # 2013220749
Nucleic acid comprising or coding for a histone stem-loop and a poly(A) sequence or a polyadenylation signal for increasing the expression of an encoded therapeutic protein.
CureVac AG

Cancer biology and genetics patent applications

AU Patent # 2017258877
DNA vaccine for use in pancreatic cancer patients.
VAXIMM AG

What are the key regions for Chemical, Biotech and Pharmaceutical Patents?

Chemical, Biotech and Pharmaceutical Patents Worldwide