DNA Helix
Gene Patents

Gene patents are patents on DNA products that have been successfully isolated and purified/modified with known functions.  In the United States, as of 2010 there are nearly 40,000 patents on an ...

Refund of Standard Patent Examination Fees
Refund of Standard Patent Examination Fees

Under the Australian Patents Act, fees are payable for filing a request for examination. However, in view of the recent global financial crisis and of the large number of patent applications ...

Obtaining International IP Protection
Obtaining International IP Protection

An Australian provisional patent application lodged at IP Australia (IPA) is usually the first step in obtaining one or more patents anywhere in the world. The date on which a provisional patent ...

Prior Use in Australia
Prior Use in Australia

Sect. 119 of the Australian Patents Act 1990 (Cth) (the “Patents Act”) provides a ‘prior use’ defence to patent infringement (for patents granted on applications filed on or after 28 September ...

Secret Use in Australia
Secret Use in Australia

In essence, “secret use” offends the principle that a patent monopoly is granted in return for disclosure of the invention. A period of secret use prior to the patent’s monopoly period commencing ...