Baxter IP > Patenting in Your Industry






Our patent attorneys are experts in your industry

Amongst our experienced and communicative team of six industry specialist patent attorneys, you can benefit from working with a patent attorney who is an expert in your technology area whether you need a:

Five reasons it's better working with an industry specialist patent attorney

  1. Your patent attorney will understand your new idea and its technical and commercial context more quickly.
  2. They will be able to identify potential points of novelty or inventiveness more easily.
  3. They will be able to identify how a competitor might attempt to circumvent your patent claims more easily in order to defend against this.
  4. They will be able to expand the scope of your patent claims with logical variations.
  5. They may be able to provide you with some contacts in the industry or other commercial advice.

Patent protection is essential for protecting R&D investment and commercial outcomes from chemical processes, chemical compounds, pharmaceutical formulations, treatments for diseases and medical devices inventions. Inventive advances stemming from R&D investment often directly impact on and positively affect quality of life but may have extended development lifecycles before a commercial return can be made. Often there is a scientific community push for publishing advances to establish a pseudo claim of first to invent - this needs to be resisted until a patent application has been filed by your patent attorney, otherwise publication may adversely affect the ability to obtain adequate and deserved commercial compensation for substantial investment.

Patent attorneys at Baxter IP speak on -
chemical, biotech & pharmaceutical patents

What’s patentable?

Devices, methods of medical treatment of humans including the administration of therapeutic drugs and software are all patent-eligible in Australia. Methods of medical treatment are not patentable in New Zealand.

What patent strategies are particularly useful in the chemical, biotech & pharmaceuticals industry?

  1. File in Australia before National Phase with many claims (no excess claims fee)
  2. Achieve acceptance around the world more quickly by:
    1. First achieving patent acceptance in Australia
    2. Obtain accelerated examination by requesting expedited examination – no Government fee for such a request
    3. Patent Prosecution Highway (PPH) agreements exist between Australia and other jurisdictions including the US, Israel and Singapore, allowing acceptance in one jurisdiction where acceptance has been achieved in another country
    4. Australia’s two-tiered patent system can be used to full advantage starting from a standard patent application. In the case of an infringement, a divisional innovation patent can be filed, which is quick to grant and certify for enforcement purposes, and difficult to invalidate. The option for a 20 year monopoly term is maintained via the parent standard patent application.

What countries are chemical, biotech & pharmaceuticals patents normally filed in?

What countries are Chemical, Biotech & Pharmaceuticals patents normally filed in?

All developing and developed countries benefit from advances in applied chemical, biological, microbiological, medical, pharmaceutical fields. Hence at the very least, chemical patents should be considered for filing in the following countries:

  1. USA
  2. Europe
  3. China
  4. Japan
  5. Korea
  6. Brazil
  7. Australia

Baxter IP’s patent attorneys' extensive experience in the chemical, biotech & pharmaceuticals sector

Warren Chandler, Patent Attorney Melbourne Warren Chandler
John Golding, Patent Attorney Sydney John Golding
Sky Chien, Patent Attorney Sydney Sky Chien

Warren Chandler is a highly experienced patent attorney, an applied chemist and worked at CSIRO in field of pharmaceutical and drug delivery systems for treatment of diseased states. Warren has drafted and prosecuted numerous patent applications in the medical field including nasal dilation devices, mandibular advancement devices, devices for correcting spinal column misalignment, and new drugs and compounds for treatments of diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Hepatitis C virus.

Who are some of Baxter IP’s clients in the medical, biotech & pharmaceuticals industries?

  • Ethicon Endosurgery
  • Optmized Ortho
  • Covidien
  • Biometic
  • Lenswista
  • Laserderm International
  • Syntheon Cardiology
  • Maxx Orthopedics
  • Sunjin Chemical
  • Ironwood Pharmaceuticals
  • Glycom
  • Intelligent implant systems

Recent examples of cases Baxter IP patent attorneys has handled in the medical, biotech & pharmaceuticals sector

  1. PCT/AU2013/000287 - Devices for maintaining an oropharyngeal airway, methods of creating an oropharyngeal airway and systems for maintaining an oropharyngeal airway
  2. AU2012202977 - A distractor device and a method for distracting a jaw bone
  3. PCT/AU2008/000846 - Oral cavity manipulator
  4. PCT/AU2008/000845 - Algae growth for biofuels
  5. AU 2007234388 - Sacroiliac belt and composite structure

Chemical, biotech & pharmaceutical patents experience snapshot


  • Chemical patent applications
  • Materials patent applications
  • Medical materials patent applications
  • Nano-materials patent applications
  • Polymers patent applications
  • Chemical and industrial processes patent applications
  • Hydrocarbon extraction and refining patent applications
  • Mining processes and mineral extraction patent applications
  • Organic chemistry patent applications
  • Pharmaceutical formulation patent applications
  • Molecular biology patent applications
  • Genetics patent applications
  • Antibody technology and characterisation patent applications
  • Gene silencing and RNA interference patent applications
  • Infectious diseases, particularly viral infectious diseases such as HIV and hepatitis patent applications
  • Stem cell isolation and culture patent applications
  • Protein structure and function patent applications
  • Cancer biology and genetics patent applications

Patent protection is essential for protecting civil engineering and construction inventions which often have significant development lifecycles. For infrastructure projects, for example, patents can provide protection during the initial stages of disclosing the concept in order to have it approved by a range of entities including governments and statutory bodies. Patents are more typically utilised in the context of the construction industry, however, in protecting new construction systems, tools, fittings and software.

Patent attorneys at Baxter IP speak on -
civil engineering & construction patents

What’s patentable?

So long as your civil engineering or construction industry technology is new and inventive, it will be patentable in any country around the world. In relation to protection of large projects as a whole, it is difficult to maintain confidentiality, so an early patent filing date is particularly important.

What patent strategies are particularly useful in the civil engineering & construction industry?

Patent strategies that are particularly useful in the civil engineering and construction industry include:

  1. File in Australia so as to protect your home market and to make use of the 12 month period prior to having to make a foreign filing, to develop the project commercially.
  2. Use confidentiality agreements together with your patent pending to approach multinational companies or statutory bodies.
  3. Use a PCT patent application at the end of the 12 month period to continue to cover your idea in almost 150 countries and possibly file other patents to ensure you cover all countries in which the prospective multinationals commercialise or statutory bodies will build or use the new technology.
  4. Proceed in the countries that are important to interested parties by the 30 month deadline for national phase entry.
  5. Development often occurs in large projects over time and this can be protected in add-on patents in Australia and USA and some other countries.

What countries are normally considered for civil engineering & construction industry patents?

What countries are normally considered for Civil Engineering & Construction Industry patents?
  1. USA – Largest market in the world that is closest to the style of the Australian market, so that improvements in building or other infrastructure construction will often translate from the Australian market to the US market.
  2. China – Biggest world economy continually undertaking substantial infrastructure projects and quite open to innovative construction technology.
  3. Middle East – As we can protect 6 countries in a single Gulf Cooperation Council patent application and these countries expend large amounts on infrastructure yet have a requirement for high quality and innovative developments.
  4. Europe – Over 20 countries can be protected by a single European patent application and this forms the 3rd largest economic region in the world.
  5. Australia – Particularly if this is your pilot market and the infrastructure is required in fields that are related to commercial projects like mining, education, health, transport and telecommunications.

Baxter IP’s patent attorneys' extensive experience in the civil engineering & construction industry

Which Baxter IP patent attorneys handle matters in civil engineering & construction industry?

Chris Baxter, Patent Attorney Sydney Chris Baxter
Martin Earley, Patent Attorney Melbourne Martin Earley
Qi Zhang, Patent Attorney Sydney Qi Zhang

Who are some of Baxter IP’s clients in the civil engineering & construction industry?

  • Quantax Pty Ltd
  • Wombat Timbers Pty Ltd
  • Legacy Automation, Power & Design, Ltd.
  • Slingshot Haulage Pty Ltd
  • Automation Concepts & Solutions Pty Ltd

Recent examples of patent applications Baxter IP patent attorneys has filed in civil engineering & construction industry

  1. PCT/AU2014/000539 – Portable Modular Kitchen
  2. PCT/AU2013/001420 – Forming A Drainage Assembly Within And Along An Elongate Trench
  3. PCT/AU2013/000443 – Panel For A Building Structure, A Building System And A Building Structure Having The Building Panel
  4. PCT/AU2013/000014 – A Combination Tool For Installing And Tensioning A Cable Bolt
  5. AU2014201972 – Prefabricated Modules
  6. AU2014259568 – Method And Apparatus For Providing Power To A Marine Vessel

Civil engineering & construction experience snapshot


  • Building construction systems patent applications
  • Prefabricated building systems patent applications
  • Methods of construction patent applications
  • Safety apparatus patent applications
  • Heating and cooling systems patent applications
  • Lifting apparatus patent applications
  • Concrete compositions and building materials patent applications
  • Structural engineering patent applications
  • Underground pipe installation patent applications
  • Building components patent applications
  • Rail infrastructure and rolling stock patent applications
  • Power distribution infrastructure patent applications
  • Cleantech patent applications
  • Recycled bulk materials patent applications
  • Safety apparatus patent applications

Often the simplest innovations are the most profitable and carry the least commercialisation risk. Contrary to popular belief, simplicity is absolutely no bar to patentability – patents, registered designs and trade marks are granted on new consumer products every day and are enforced around the world. This allows companies and entrepreneurs to benefit financially from their bright ideas and investment in innovation.

Patent attorneys at Baxter IP speak on -
consumer product patents

What products are patentable?

So long as your consumer product is new, inventive and has functional utility, it will be patentable in any country around the world.

What patent strategies are particularly useful in patenting a product?

  1. Combination filing strategy: Often consumer products that succeed in market incorporate a certain amount of aggregation of incremental innovation. A combination IP filing strategy including standard patents, innovation patents, registered designs and trademarks works well to secure protection over as many of the new functional and aesthetic features as possible.
  2. File early and file often: Without an initial filing date, all it takes for a third party to make it impossible for you to gain patent protection is disclosure of your product idea on the internet. Therefore, establishing an early patent filing date for your product by filing a patent application is crucially important prior to any discussion with a third party. Some consumer products have a development lifecycle that extends over 6 months or more and clients often work with product development specialists, such as an industrial designer during this process.
    With each new step in the design or development of your product you or your industrial designer should consult with your patent attorney as to whether a further product patent application needs to be filed to cover new developments or whether the new developments were already anticipated in your original product patent application.

Where should consumer product patents be filed?

Where should consumer product patents be filed?
  • USA – largest consumer product market in the world
  • China – 90% of consumer products are manufactured in China and the 4th largest consumer market in the world
  • Europe – many countries can be protected by a single product patent application and the 2nd largest consumer region in the world
  • Australia – particularly if this is your pilot market and inexpensive
  • New Zealand – inexpensive addition to an Australian application as our firm files directly in NZ too

Baxter IP’s patent attorneys' extensive experience in consumer products patents

Which Baxter IP patent attorneys handle consumer products matters?

Warren Chandler, Patent Attorney Melbourne Warren Chandler
John Golding, Patent Attorney Sydney John Golding
Sky Chien, Patent Attorney Sydney Sky Chien
Qi Zhang, Patent Attorney Sidney Qi Zhang

Who are some of Baxter IP’s clients in the consumer products industry?

  • HegsPegs
  • Pacific Holdings (Aust) Pty Ltd
  • Juvo Solutions Pty Ltd
  • Esmartluggage Pty Ltd
  • Headtrax Technologies Pty Ltd

Recent examples of cases Baxter IP patent attorneys has filed in the consumer product industry?

  • AU 2014215970 - Improved Luggage And Weighing System For Luggage
  • AU 2014902428 - Apparel With Communication Apparatus
  • AU 2012304270 - A Set Of Stairs
  • PCT/AU2014/000311 - A Golf Putter
  • AU 2014902767 - Carton Packer Apparatus

Consumer products experience snapshot


  • Consumer electronics patent applications
  • Kitchen & laundry appliances patent applications
  • Clothing, footwear and fashion patent applications & registered designs
  • Sporting equipment patent applications
  • Toys & novelty goods patent applications
  • Architectural Fittings patent applications
  • Furniture patent applications
  • Packaging patent applications
  • Tapware patent applications
  • Lighting patent applications

Mechanical engineering, mining & processing inventions are the lifeblood of society, creating incremental and sometimes revolutionary changes to our standard of living, industrial capability and resource availability.

Patent attorneys at Baxter IP speak on -
mechanical engineering & mining patents

What’s patentable?

So long as your mechanical apparatus or process invention defines at least one new and inventive feature with functional utility, it will be patentable in any country around the world.

What patent strategies are particularly useful in the mechanical engineering industry?

  1. Focus protection on competitors, not consumers: It is important that patent claims be written by your patent attorney to ensure that competitors that will be producing the claimed mechanical apparatus, or carrying out the protected process, will be found to be infringing your patent – and not your customers.
  2. Protect the consumables: Where possible, it is important to protect not just the mechanical apparatus or inventive process, but also consumables used in or with the apparatus or process. In this way, the important commercial advantage and revenue stream are protected.
  3. Focus protection on protecting a commercial advantage, not just a mechanism: The wording of the patent claims should be broad enough to protect the commercial advantage of the invention, and not the particular mechanical apparatus.
  4. Protect product made by a process: Protecting products made by a particular process can also ensure that the main consumer markets for those products can be protected.

What countries should be considered for mechanical & mining patents?

What countries should be considered for mechanical, mining and process patents?
  1. USA – a large manufacturing and mining country.
  2. China – the largest manufacturing country in the world, and a significant mining country.
  3. Europe – a large heavy manufacturing region and a world leader in clean technology.
  4. Canada – a large player in the world mining sector.
  5. Australia – a heavyweight in the world mining sector.
  6. Russia - a huge market for mining and petroleum industries.

Baxter IP’s patent attorneys' extensive experience in mechanical devices patents

Which Baxter IP patent attorneys normally handle mechanical engineering, mining & processing industry patent filings?

Chris Baxter, Patent Attorney Sydney Chris Baxter
Martin Earley, Patent Attorney Melbourne Martin Earley
Qi Zhang, Patent Attorney Sidney Qi Zhang

Who are some of Baxter IP’s clients in the mechanical engineering & processing industries?

  • General Dynamics
  • Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
  • Lockheed Martin
  • NCS Oilfield Services
  • Thomas Global Systems

Recent examples of patent applications Baxter IP patent attorneys has filed in the mechanical engineering, mining & processing industries?

  1. AU2014900214 – A System for Environmental Spills Protection
  2. US2012/0193363 A1 – A Batten Joint for an Internal Floating Roof of a Fluid Tank
  3. AU2010303747 – Modular Heat Exchanger
  4. PCT/AU2013/000905 - A Method For Processing A Used Mattress, A Method For Compressing A Used Mattress, Compression Apparatus For Compressing A Used Mattress, Deconstruction Apparatus For Deconstructing A Mattress, Infusion Apparatus For Infusing A Mattress, Integrity Testing Apparatus For Testing The Integrity Of A Mattress And Silage Bin For Storage Of A Mattress
  5. PCT/AU2014/000547 - A System And A Method For Processing Plastic, And Plastic Processed Therefrom

Mechanical engineering experience snapshot


  • Automotive engineering patent applications
  • Aeronautical systems patent applications
  • Mechanical devices patent applications
  • Mining equipment and systems patent applications
  • Commercial food service equipment patent applications
  • Heavy engineering vehicles and equipment patent applications
  • Logistics, materials handling and packaging patent applications
  • Manufacturing machinery and processes patent applications
  • Machine tools patent applications
  • Pumps, turbines and engines patent applications
  • Agricultural equipment patent applications
  • Recycling processes and equipment patent applications
  • Dispensing systems and devices patent applications
  • Safety products and systems patent applications
  • Weapons systems patent applications
  • Clean technology patent applications

Patent protection is essential for protecting medical device inventions which often have significant development lifecycles, during which journal papers may need to be published, and normally gain market acceptance slowly so a first to market strategy is not sufficient protection. For medical devices, IP protection is essential to protect commercial profit margins and to justify the investment in medical technology development .

Patent attorneys at Baxter IP speak on -
medical devices patents

What’s patentable?

Medical devices, methods of medical treatment and software are all patentable in Australia.

What patent strategies are particularly useful in the medical devices industry?

  1. File in Australia prior to national phase entry deadline with many claims (no excess claims fee)
  2. Achieve acceptance around the world more quickly by:
    1. First achieving acceptance in Australia
    2. Request expedited examination without Government fee
    3. Benefit from Australia’s lower threshold for inventiveness
    4. Copy accepted claims in US, Israel and Singapore using the Patent Prosecution Highway (PPH)
  3. Infringement can be threatened based on a divisional innovation patent which are quick to have granted and difficult to invalidate.

What are the main countries Australian originating medical devices patents are filed in?

What are the main countries Australian originating medical devices patents are filed in?
  1. USA
  2. Japan
  3. Europe
  4. Korea
  5. China
  6. Canada
  7. Australia

Baxter IP’s patent attorneys' extensive experience in the medical devices industry

Which Baxter IP patent attorneys handle matters in the medical devices industry?

Chris Baxter, Patent Attorney Sydney Chris Baxter
Martin Earley, Patent Attorney Melbourne Martin Earley
Warren Chandler, Patent Attorney Melbourne Warren Chandler
John Golding, Patent Attorney Sydney John Golding
Sky Chien, Patent Attorney Sydney Sky Chien
Qi Zhang, Patent Attorney Sidney Qi Zhang

Who are some of Baxter IP’s clients in the medical devices industry?

  • Ethicon Endo-surgery, Inc.
  • Optimized Ortho Pty Ltd
  • Covidien AG
  • Syntheon Cardiology, LLC
  • Source Energy Services Canadian

Recent examples of patents Baxter IP patent attorneys has filed in the medical devices industry?

  1. AU 2012220362 - A Computer-Implemented Method, A Computing Device And A Computer Readable Storage Medium For Providing Alignment Information Data For The Alignment Of An Orthopaedic Implant For A Joint Of A Patient
  2. AU 2012381991- A Method, Guide, Guide Indicia Generation Means, Computer Readable Storage Medium, Reference Marker And Impactor For Aligning An Implant
  3. AU 2014203647 - A Battery-Powered, Modular Surgical Device
  4. AU 2012216219 - METHOD And Device For Cleaning Medical Instruments
  5. AU 2014904363 - Uterine Compression Device For Treatment Of Post-Partum Haemorrhage

Medical devices experience snapshot


  • Surgical equipment and methods patent applications
  • Dental devices patent applications
  • Mechanical and electronic implantable devices patent applications
  • Endoscopic, obstetric and biopsy devices patent applications
  • Hospital resource management tools and software patent applications
  • Signal processing patent applications
  • Diagnostic aids patent applications
  • Human-device interfaces and biocompatibility patent applications
  • Auditory prostheses patent applications
  • Imaging patent applications
  • Drug delivery devices patent applications

A huge amount of innovation occurs in the software sector in the development of new software applications for smartphones and tablets and also in the server processes that often drive their functionality. Many established industries are being modernised by the introduction of crowdsourced services or cloudbased management or networking systems to deliver existing products or services more efficiently or by altogether new SAAS products.

Software patents do sometimes receive negative press, partially because software patents, drafted professionally by a patent attorney, can be very effective at stopping or delaying competition. Where a software process provides a new, non-obvious and useful method for performing a given task, software patent applications are still patentable subject matter in most jurisdictions, provided that the software patent application is tailored to the specific requirements of the jurisdiction where patent protection is being sought.

Patent attorneys at Baxter IP speak on -
software patents

What types of software can be patented?

Software patent applications that define a new method or process for solving a particular real-world problem in a way that would not be obvious to the average software developer is likely to be patentable in Australia. Apps or software which simply provide efficiency or speed in performing a known task that could be performed by hand (however inefficiently) are unlikely to be patentable. That is, if you remove the elements of a computer device from the claim, and all that is left is a known method, then use of the computer or software will not be sufficient to make the claim patentable. If you are unsure whether your software can be patented, you should consult your Australian patent attorney.

What strategies are particularly useful for software patents or app patents?

  1. File software patents early and file often – this space moves very quickly and in some cases the difference of a single day in priority date can determine the patentability of your patent application.
  2. Focus on core concepts, modules and functionality rather than on the code for broader software patent protection.
  3. Coverage of different platform implementations (e.g. cloud based client/server architecture or stand-alone mobile application executed by a physical mobile device)
  4. File in Australia prior to national phase with many claims (no excess claims fee)
  5. Achieve acceptance around the world more quickly by:
    1. Firstly achieving acceptance in Australia as:
      1. Expedited examination can be requested without Government fee; and
      2. Australia has a lower threshold for inventiveness than some jurisdictions
    2. Copying the accepted Australian claims to patent applications in US, Israel and Singapore using the Patent Prosecution Highway (PPH)
  6. Australian patent protection can also be increased by filing divisional innovation patent applications - these patent applications proceed to grant quickly and are difficult to invalidate.

What countries are most software patent friendly?

What countries are most software patent friendly?
  1. United States of America
  2. Australia
  3. Canada
  4. Japan

Baxter IP’s patent attorneys' extensive experience in software patents

Which Baxter IP patent attorneys handle software patents?

Nearly all of Baxter IP’s patent attorneys have more than 10 years’ experience in drafting and prosecuting patent applications in the software and mobile applications industry, including:

Chris Baxter, Patent Attorney Sydney Chris Baxter
Martin Earley, Patent Attorney Melbourne Martin Earley
Qi Zhang, Patent Attorney Sidney Qi Zhang

Who are some of Baxter IP’s clients in the software patents industry?

  • Spectrum Message Services Pty Ltd
  • Thomas Electronics of Australia Pty Ltd
  • KCS Education Services Pty
  • Red Propaganda Pty Ltd
  • Quikser Pty Ltd

Recent examples of software patents that Baxter IP patent attorneys has filed

  1. Software Patent AU 2014902722 – A System, Application Server And Computer Readable Storage Medium For Distribution Of Digital Media
  2. Software Patent PCT/AU2014/000614 – A Server For Serving Answer Data And A Computer Readable Storage Medium For Serving Answer Data
  3. Software Patent AU 2014904037 – Electronic Payment System & Method
  4. Software Patent AU 2014901166 - A Computer Implemented Method And Server For Disseminating User Generated Content In An Ad Hoc Social Network
  5. Software Patent PCT/AU2014/001120 - A Method, Computer Readable Storage Medium And Computing Device For Converting A Vector Video Signal Into A Raster Video Signal
  6. Software Patent AU 2013206819 - A Server, Client Computing Device, Computer Implemented Method, Computer Readable Storage Medium And A System For Associating One Or More Loyalty Card Profiles With A Composite Card Profile

Software, apps & computer experience snapshot


  • Software patent applications
  • Mobile patent applications (smartphone and/or tablet apps)
  • Hardware patent applications
  • Server and client systems patent applications
  • Cloud based systems patent applications
  • Artificial Intelligence patent applications
  • Robotics patent applications
  • Crowdsourced services patent applications
  • Software as a service (SAAS) patent applications
  • Object recognition patent applications
  • Social media patent applications

Advances and innovation in electronic and electromechanical technology have revolutionised and continue to revolutionise the modern world. Electronic and electromechanical technology is a key foundation upon which many industries rely. It is a fast moving sector for development with innovation as a driving force. The sector covers fields as diverse as transaction terminals to laser engineering and is the most heavily patented technology sector in the world.

Patent attorneys at Baxter IP speak on -
electrical engineering & electronics patents

What’s patentable?

So long as your electrical engineering or electronic device technology is new and inventive, it will be patentable in any country around the world. Circuit board layout designs per se are not patentable in most countries but can often be registered under copyright or country specific circuit layout protection schemes.

What strategies are particularly useful in electrical engineering patents?

  1. Identifying Inventions: Technological advancements can often be the result of a number of distinct inventions acting in combination. Your patent attorney can help you identify inventions at an early stage, with an eye to building a patent portfolio.
  2. File early and file often: Without an initial filing date, all it takes for a third party to make it impossible for you to gain patent protection is disclosure of your electrical engineering idea on the internet. Therefore, establishing an early patent filing date is crucially important prior to any discussion with a third party. Development lifecycles may extend over 12 months or more and clients often work with electronic product development specialists, such as a hardware systems designer during this process. With each new step in the design or development, you or your systems designer should consult with your patent attorney as to whether a further patent application needs to be filed to cover new developments or whether the new developments were already anticipated in your original patent application.
  3. Combination filing strategy: Developments may not simply be a springboard for inventions. A combination IP filing strategy including electrical patents, electrical innovation patents, registered designs and trademarks may help secure protection over as many of the new functional or aesthetic features that may arise.
  4. Targeted strategy: Assessing the impact of how intellectual property relates to your business can be an important aspect of properly focusing new intellectual property. In this regard, IP protection may be best targeted at protecting valuable markets or targeted at hindering competitors to maximise value of the IP.

What are the main countries electrical patents are filed in and why?

What are the main countries electrical and electromechanical patents are filed in and why?
  1. USA – largest consumer market in the world
  2. China – major manufacturing industry in the world and fastest growing consumer market.
  3. Europe – many countries can be protected by a single application and the 2nd largest consumer region in the world
  4. Japan – significant electrical technological industry and market
  5. Korea – large electronics & mobile companies
  6. Australia – particularly if this is your pilot market and it's inexpensive

Baxter IP’s patent attorneys' extensive experience in electrical engineering & electronic devices patents

Which Baxter IP patent attorneys handle electronic & electromechanical matters?

Martin Earley, Patent Attorney Melbourne Martin Earley
Chris Baxter, Patent Attorney Sydney Chris Baxter
Qi Zhang, Patent Attorney Sidney Qi Zhang

Who are some of Baxter IP’s clients in the electronic & electromechanical industry?

  1. ZTE Corporation
  2. Thomas Global Systems
  3. Micreo Limited
  4. K-Hart International Pty Ltd
  5. WBS Technology
  6. Jands Pty Ltd
  7. Power Management Technologies Pty Ltd

Recent examples of electronic & electromechanical patent applications that Baxter IP patent attorneys has filed:

  1. AU2014901944 - An Electromechanical Hoist For Eliminating The Possibility Of Loss Of Control Of A Load Following A Single Point Failure In A Drive Train And A Method Of Operation Thereof
  2. AU2014268249 - Power Management For An Electric Drive System
  3. AU2015900022 - Power Control Of An Electric Drive
  4. AU2014900534 - An Emergency Power Module And Receptacle For Emergency Lighting
  5. PCT/AU2014/000618 - A Method For Tripping A Residual Current Device, A Secondary Protection Device For Tripping A Residual Current Device, An Electrical Protection Unit And A Mounting Bracket

Electrical engineering patents & electronics experience snapshot


  • Computer hardware patent applications
  • Control systems patent applications
  • Fixed and wireless communications systems patent applications
  • Gaming and lottery systems patent applications
  • Electronic transaction terminals and networks patent applications
  • Electric motors patent applications
  • Electro-mechanical devices patent applications
  • Environmental and process sensors patent applications
  • Machine learning patent applications
  • Artificial Intelligence patent applications
  • Navigation and location services patent applications
  • Power systems patent applications
  • Robotics and automation patent applications
  • Semiconductor devices patent applications
  • Signal processing patent applications
  • Human computer interaction patent applications
  • Communications protocols patent applications
  • Telecommunications patent applications
  • Weapons systems patent applications

Many inventions that are invaluable in daily life, for example, computers, compact disks, smartphones, lighter and stronger building materials etc. have their roots in basic research laboratories operated by academics and their students in our universities.

Understanding the complex or abstract physics concepts embodied in such research can be difficult to comprehend. More difficult still is converting such abstract concepts into language that the general populace can understand, such as is required in physics patent applications.

At Baxter IP, we have patent attorneys specialist in physics patents which enables us to speak the same language as researchers and to better translate their innovations into patent assets. We have great depth of experience and work closely with university partners, university spin-outs and other commercial enterprises to help protect innovations in the field of physics.

Patent attorneys at Baxter IP speak on -
physics patents

What is or is not patentable in the physics industry?

A common thread throughout patent law worldwide is that fundamental physical principles are not patentable in themselves or for all known and as-yet unknown applications of such principles. However, the practical application of those same fundamental principles very often lie squarely in the realm of patentable subject matter.

For example, Einstein’s famous principle relation governing the inter-relationship between mass and energy E= mc2, in and of itself would not be patentable in isolation. However, the many practical applications of this relation such as, for example, nuclear fusion/fission reactors, atomic weapons, CT & PET scanners in hospitals or the humble smoke detector in your house are all eminently patentable applications of E=mc2.

What patent strategies are particularly useful in the physics industry?

  1. File in Australia before national phase with many claims (no excess claims fee)
  2. Achieve acceptance around the world more quickly by:
    1. Acceptance in Australia
    2. Request expedited examination without Government fee
    3. Australia has a lower threshold for inventiveness than some jurisdictions
    4. Copy accepted claims in US, Israel Singapore and other countries using the Patent Prosecution Highway (PPH)
  3. Increase Australian protections by filing a divisional innovation patent which is quick to have granted and is difficult to invalidate.

What countries should be considered for physics patents?

What countries should be considered for Physics patents?
  1. United States of America
  2. Europe
  3. Australia
  4. Japan
  5. Korea
  6. Canada

Baxter IP's patent attorneys' extensive experience in the physics industry

Which Baxter IP patent attorneys handle physics patents?

Many of Baxter IP’s patent attorneys have more than 10 years’ experience each in drafting and prosecuting patent applications in the physics industry and experience in dealing directly with university researchers and academics, including:

Chris Baxter, Patent Attorney Sydney Chris Baxter
Martin Earley, Patent Attorney Melbourne Martin Earley
Qi Zhang, Patent Attorney Sidney Qi Zhang

Who are some of Baxter IP’s clients in the physics industry?

  • Lockheed Martin Corporation
  • Thomas Electronics of Australia Pty Ltd
  • Cyclopharm Limited
  • Red Garage Ventures Pty Ltd
  • HEMS Systems Pty Ltd

Recent examples of cases Baxter IP patent attorneys has handled in the physics industry?

  1. PCT/AU2013/001234 – A Radioisotope Concentrator
  2. PCT/AU2014/000939 – A Display System For Ambient Light
  3. AU 2015900481 – Colourimetric Hydration Sensor and Associated Systems and Methods
  4. PCT/AU2012/000975 – Engine Fuel Enhancement Management System
  5. AU 2010303747 – Modular Heat Exchanger


Need to patent protect your valuable new idea?



Physics patents experience snapshot


  • Optical engineering (photonics/optoelectronics, laser, lens) applications
  • Nuclear reactor devices
  • Hydration sensor systems and applications
  • Fuel management systems
  • Display systems



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